Bootable Mac Os Mojave Usb

  

Gone are the days of dinosaur, when you used to do things with CD/DVDs that some of them might actually work. That’s what used to be back in the school days, and is no more useful. Because that’s pretty simple now with a quick, handy, portable drive. Whether you’re looking to install from scratch, upgrade or repair your existing operating system, you have the best bet to go with. Here’s how to Create Bootable USB installer for macOS Mojave Windows.

How to Install macOS Mojave Using Bootable Volume? Step 1 Okay, now you have a bootable macOS Mojave USB drive or memory card. It’s time to boot your Mac using this volume and install macOS Mojave. To do so, reboot your Mac and press and hold Options key when it’s starting up. You should see an option to choose the boot media. If you want to use your USB stick with an Apple Mac, you will need to restart or power-on the Mac with the USB stick inserted while the Option/alt (⌥) key is pressed. This will launch Apple’s ‘Startup Manager’ which shows bootable devices connected to the machine. A macOS installation app (such as the “Install macOS Mojave” app from Apple) 8 GB USB thumb drive; Run DiskMaker X on your Mac, point it to the macOS installation app and insert the USB stick. A few minutes later, you’ll have a bootable installation USB stick for that version of macOS. Install Macos Mojave Bootable Usb Download macOS 10.14 Mojave is one of the most highly lauded desktop operating systems developed by Apple, Inc. It comes with a slew of new features and enhancements that's geared towards a smoother and more delightful user experience.

Ultimately, the greatest version of macOS is here. If you’re planning to perform a fresh install of macOS Mojave on your working computer alongside Windows specifically dual-boot on your hackintosh system, you’ll obviously need a bootable USB installer. Assuming you’ll actually need to access to a macOS machine, you’ll not need it here this time. This is convenient if you’ve access to an Apple computer. Or else, if you don’t have that opportunity, it’s somewhat slightly tricky though. But, for that, you are not supposed to do it alone, because we’ve all caught you up. So let’s get right into it.

Usb
  • Related: How to Create macOS Mojave USB Installer on Windows – Hackintosh

What you’ll need

Bootable usb macos mojave on windows

Before you go any further, you’ll need a few things.

  • A 16GB (or larger) USB stick that doesn’t care erasing. The installation file for Mojave is about 6GB, so you’ll need a portable stick that is at least 12GB or typical 16GB is also correct. It’s worth noting that a USB 3 is rapidly faster than typical USB 2 and work quicker than the typical old USB 2 one. If you don’t have one, you can get from Amazon or eBay, if you’d like to.
  • Access to at least one working Mac with access to the Mac App Store. If you don’t have access to the specific machine, you’re not alone. This is possible with macOS Mojave on VMware or macOS Mojave on VirtualBox in Windows that works great. This works on your PC similar to present Mac and worth giving a try.
  • A copy of macOS Mojave installation file that is available on App Store. When you’ll install macOS Mojave on your Windows, you’ll have quite access to your true Mac with everything. Since then, you’ll be able to download and do creating your bootable things there.
  • The USB creator Tool (Unibeast 9.0): This tool allows you Create Bootable USB installer for macOS Mojave Windows with the installation file you’ve downloaded. All you’ve to do is just sign up and download.
  • The AIO-Post-Installation Utility (Multibeast) that enable you boot from the stick when installing. As well as, it includes a set of useful drivers and customization options.

Apart from these requirements, you’ll need some time, approximately (an hour or more) mostly depending on your internet connection. An internet connection of course, if that’s fast its quicker for you and a computer that is least powerful, capable to run the virtual machine. Now Create Bootable USB installer for macOS Mojave Windows.

How to Get macOS Mojave Installation Files

When you’ve installed macOS Mojave on your Windows, you’re all set!

Navigate to VMware and play the macOS Mojave virtual machine.

Once you’ve signed in, head to the App Store that is available on the dock on the screen and search for macOS Mojave.

On this screen, click Get and wait for it. Make sure you’ve a consistent internet connection and power connected to your computer. It will take a while, so take a cup of coffee and chill.

Next, when you’ve downloaded the installer file, go ahead and download the boot tool.

Go to Unibeast 9.0 and sign up, after that, click Download Now, no need to install. Also, you can download it on macOS Mojave with Safari as well.

At the time of writing this, the MultiBeast was unpleasantly not the updated version for Mojave, but it will work properly. However, I will update it when the newer version is available.

Go to MultiBeast and click on Download Now if you are signed in.

Once you’ve those things ready, you’re good to get started.

Create Bootable USB Installer for macOS Mojave

When it comes to Create Bootable USB installer for macOS Mojave Windows, the process is assumed to be tough enough. With the right tools and on the path, you’ll be able to do it even if you are beginner. However, there are more than a way for doing this, not only on Mac but also Windows, (which we will cover some, at least one more method). The process for using the tool is straightforward and is entirely the same as previous versions of macOS, so we’ll be using the Unibeast Tool for this process. Where anything differs, we’ll just note.

At the very First, turn on the virtual machine and sign in.

When you do, plug in your USB stick and click on the Spotlight icon at the top.

This opens the Spotlight window, that will be empty, first opened. Write down ‘disk utility’ and click on the very first result or simply hit Enter.

On the Disk Utility, click Erase.

Macos

Name your USB stick and select macOS Extended (Journalted) as Format then click Erase.

Once it’s done, click on Done and close the window.

Now head to Unibeast and open it up. If you have it on your Windows computer, just drag and drop it on your macOS Mojave machine, it will work fine.

When the UniBeast opened, on the first page, you don’t have to do anything, simply Continue.

Continue the process.

If you’ve some time, its good to note the software agreement. Anyway, Continue.

Here, you need to select the thumb drive and Continue.

This appears if you had downloaded the file from App store, click on it and Continue.

In this screen, select the proper boot configuration for your system, and click Continue.

For graphics, choose the appropriate graphics option you have, if you don’t have those, don’t select any of them as mine and Continue.

The installation page confirms the configuration you’ve chosen, just click Continue.

When the installation proceeded, exit from there with Quit key.

This part, you’ll need to drag Multibeast to your drive and that’s it.

Then, eject the bootable USB when you’re done with it, important! or else, it may damage or harm your drive.

Congrats! Finally, you’re done. And you’re now completely prepared for installation and not surprisingly, you may have to fiddle up with a little more configurations with your system BIOS that will let you boot up.

That’s it. If there’s something left to tell or you’ve important things to say, let me hear in the comment form.

To create a bootable Mac drive you need any disk with Mac OS X 10.11.0 El Capitan or newer (10.12 Sierra, 10.13 High Sierra, 10.14 Mojave, up to 10.15 (Catalina) either running as your main system, or just being installed on a drive that's connected to your Mac at the moment. UNetbootin is a Windows 10 USB tool Mac that is completely free to use and can be used in a scenario wherein you have to make bootable USB Windows 10 on Mac system. For this, you need to keep a USB with the.iso file downloaded in it.

The macOS Mojave was the fifteenth release from Apple for their macOS family and was made available to the public on the 24th of September in 2018. The macOS Mojave 10.14.1 (the updated version) was released on the 30th of October of the same year with a couple of new updates.

It succeeded Mac OS High Sierra 10.13 which was released on the 25th of September in 2017 and was preceded by the macOS Catalina 10.15 which was released on the 7th of October in 2019. This macOS is known to be the last one developed by Apple to support 32-bit applications as macOS Catalina only supports 64-bit applications.

Download Latest Version: macOS Catalina 10.15 ISO & DMG Image

License
Official Installer

File Size
5.6GB / 5.9GB

Language
English

Developer
Apple Inc.


Tutorial: How to Install Mac OS on Windows PC using Virtual Machine.


There were a large number of new features and additions introduced in macOS Mojave that made it successful. In particular, Dark Mode, Stacks and the improved App Store received fine praise. Additions to the Finder and Screenshot features helped improve their ability to serve the needs of the users greatly. The focus on strong security for the user’s information was also viewed favourably.

At the same time, the macOS received criticism for its beta performance issues. Not all the features implemented on the system were completely developed either. Despite these shortcomings, macOS Mojave was seen as a powerful step forward for Apple towards its future products.

Productive Features of macOS Mojave 10.14.1

Here are some of the features that were introduced in Mojave and some of the pre-existing ones that have been reworked:

  • Finder Quick Actions- This is a useful feature that will allow users to create a PDF or rotate an image without the use of an app. The user can explore the kind of actions that they can perform by checking out the Quick Actions menu.
  • Finder Preview Panel- Like before,this feature allows the user to have a small glance into a document or an image without actually opening it. Additionally, users will now be able to be aware of details about the document or images such as the date of document creation or the kind of lens used for taking a photo.
  • Quick Look- A pre-existing app on macOS Sierra, Quick Look allows users to see files, folders or photos without even opening them. With the new Markup feature, photos and PDFs can now be cropped or rotated. Text can also be added to them.
  • Security improvements- Ad trackers that constantly bombard users with advertisements when they show interest in a product will now be blocked by the macOS. The macOS also now asks the user for permission for apps to use their Mac’s microphone and camera. Permissions will also be asked for other things such as browser data and message history.
  • Safari Favicons- Since favicons were not available in Safari before, most people preferred to use Google Chrome. Now, favicons are available in Safari which means that users will be able to enjoy what they have been desperately waiting for. With the aid of favicons, users will now have much greater ease identifying their tabs without having to open them. This may be a small addition but it has made many users incredibly ecstatic.
  • Dock- This is a pre-existing feature that can be used to get to apps and features that users are prone to access on a daily basis. In macOS Mojave, the Dock will show users up to 3 apps that they have used recently. Since not everyone is a fan of this feature as some find it annoying, they can turn it off if they wish.
  • Facetime- Users can now chat with up to 32 people at the same time. If there is a group call happening, each participant can join in whenever they want during the active duration of the call. Group messages can also be sent in Facetime.
  • App Store- The App Store has received many new additions to its already impressive set of features. The newly introduced Discover tab helps users find apps that they may have missed out on before, based on their preferences. The Create app will help users who are interested in producing content through methods like video editing and filmmaking.
  • Dark Mode- By using Dark Mode, users will now be able to switch between Light Mode as well as Dark Mode. Using this new mode, users can protect their eyes from strain when they are working at night. The blue light that is emitted from the Mac screen is not good for the user’s eyes and Dark Mode helps reduce it greatly. The mode makes it easier to read text on the screen if there is good contrast between the screen and what the user is reading. Using Dark Mode can also help save battery life.
  • Continuity Camera- If the user’s Mac and iOS devices are in close proximity to each other and both have their Wi-Fi and Bluetooth turned on, this feature can be used. It allows users to have whatever they scan or take a picture of on their iOS device be immediately available for display on their Mac. This feature can save a lot of time that would normally be taken in transferring photos or documents from iOS devices to the Mac the manual way.
  • Dynamic Desktops- This feature changes the wallpaper of Mac’s screen according to the time of day. In order to use this feature, the user must have their Location Services enabled as the feature needs this information in order to be able to draw a match between the lighting outside in the user’s location with the wallpaper that they have on their screen.
  • New ported apps- A few apps have been ported to the macOS Mojave from the iOS, namely News, Stocks, Voice Memos, and Home. News is an incredibly informative app that will provide users with updates and news pages from the world. With Home, users will now be able to connect their Mac with their HomeKit accessories which help them control their environment(light-bulbs, smart door locks, etc). If you wish to use your voice to record yourself singing or create voice memos, Voice is the app for you. Users can also sync their voice memos with all their iOS devices. Stocks will help the user get all of the financial information and stock market details that they need, complete with excellent diagrammatic representations with the appropriate statistical data attached.
  • Stacks- Having a messy desktop can be excruciating to deal with it, especially for those who try to organize the multitude of files on their Desktop and end up failing. With the Stacks option, those worries can now be put to rest. Users will now be able to neatly arrange their files into neat stacks according to their wishes. There are different fields according to which the stacking can take place depending on the user’s preference such as the date the file was last modified or the date that the file was created. Stacks has been praised as one of the brightest additions introduced in macOS Mojave.
  • Screenshot markup- There are many more options to take screenshots in macOS Mojave. These include being able to screenshot the entire screen, a specific window, or a specific area. The user is also able to screen record the entire screen or a specific part of it according to their preferences(for video purposes). They can also add text, shapes, or color to their screenshot if they wish.
  • Siri- Siri has always been an important part of the Apple family and a great virtual assistant to users. In macOS Mojave, Siri is now able to control HomeKit devices and can also assist the user in finding their saved passwords.
  • Updates- Normally, updates are performed through the App Store. In macOS Mojave, there is a Software Updates panel under System Preferences that has been designed especially for this purpose.
  • Inclusion of new emojis- This may not seem like addition of great importance but the excitement that comes with it is nothing short of huge. More than 70 new emojis have been introduced to Apple’s emoji family.
  • Emojis in the mail- Emojis can now be included in the user’s mails. There is a convenient shortcut available that the user can utilise in order to do this.

How to download the macOS Mojave ISO and DMG files

There are certain conditions that have to be satisfied before proceeding with the download. Using a verified link online, the user should download VirtualBox or VMWare. After this is done, the user should proceed to the Terminal and type in the required commands that come under each of the specified steps below:

  • Creating a virtual disk for the installation media.
  • Mounting the virtual disk.
  • Writing the installer to the mount point.
  • Unmounting the installer app.
  • Converting the DMG file to the ISO format.
  • Changing the file extension to an ISO file.

Requirements for macOS Mojave 10.14.1

The user’s Mac must have a minimum of 2 GB of RAM and 12.5 GB of available storage space in case they are upgrading to macOS Mojave from any one of its predecessors from OS X El Capitan and onwards. It will require 18.5 GB of available storage space if the upgrade is for an OS that is or precedes OS X Yosemite.

Steps to download macOS Mojave 10.14.1

Please follow these steps below in order to download macOS Mojave 10.14.1:

Check if the Mac system is compatible with macOS Mojave 10.14.1

The user should check if their Mac model is compatible with the macOS that they are about to download and install. These are the models that are supported:

  • MacBook(2015 and onwards)
  • MacPro(2013 and onwards)
  • MacBook Pro(2012 and onwards)
  • MacBook Air(2012 and onwards)
  • iMac(2012 and onwards)
  • Mac Mini(2012 and onwards)

Backup the system

The user should backup all of the important files that they may be afraid of losing. Time Machine is an excellent inbuilt feature that can help the users take care of this. The user should connect their system with an external storage device and then let Time Machine backup their files to this location. If the user’s original files are ever deleted or gone, they can use their backup files. DropBox, iCloud and OneDrive are also great alternatives to Time Machine.

Ensure that a strong Internet Connection is present

A lot of time is required to download and install macOS Mojave and the user should be thoroughly prepared for this. They should ensure that their Mac is connected to a strong Internet connection so that there are no interruptions in the download or installation of the macOS.

Download the macOS

The user can now download the macOS from their App Store.

Allow the Installation process to take place

The user will be prompted to begin the installation process once the download has been completed. The instructions displayed by the installer should be carefully followed and completed accordingly by the user. It is recommended that the user perform the installation in the evening so that the process can get completed overnight. They should ensure that their Mac’s lid is not closed and they should not enable the Sleep option either.

Enjoy the macOS for yourself

The user should patiently wait for the installation process to get completed( this process may take a very long time). Once it is done, the Mac will be restarted. After this, the user will be able to enjoy using and experiencing macOS Mojave 10.14.1 themselves.

If you have not tried out the macOS Mojave 10.14.1, we strongly suggest that you give it a try. Apple has done an incredible job of trying to improve upon the previous macOS High Sierra version. There has been a massive influx of new features in this version that we are sure you would love to try out.

Please peruse this article thoroughly before you update your Mac’s current OS to macOS Mojave 10.14 so that you will not miss out on any important information that you may require. We are so happy that we got the opportunity to be able to help you through this article. Please do reach out to us in the comments section below if you have any queries and we will help resolve them for you.

Summary :

In order to install the Windows operating system or fix a broken Windows, a bootable USB flash drive is needed. How to create bootable USB from ISO Windows 10? A Windows 10 USB tool or USB bootable software will be introduced. Besides, the best way to protect the PC against system issues is also told to you.

It’s Necessary to Create Bootable USB from ISO Windows 10

As to Windows 10 OS, it has got more popularity due to its advantages, for example, reliability, better user experience, safety, etc. Therefore, most of you may have reserved a copy of the Windows 10 upgrade for your computers. But there may be some who may want to go for a clean install by using a Windows ISO image.

Besides, when there is something wrong with the operating system, you may also choose to reinstall Windows. Or, when getting a new PC without OS, you need to make a clean install. Additionally, to boot the non-working PC and perform a repair, you also need a Windows repair disc or USB drive.

To install the operating system or to create a rescue disc, it is a choice to burn the operating system into a CD or DVD disc. Though it is nothing hard, the method is clunky, expensive and no-so user-friendly when considering the CD/DVD writer and the cost of an actual CD/DVD disc. Thankfully, you can use a USB flash drive.

Tip: Sometimes your USB flash drive cannot be detected by Windows after connecting it to your computer. If so, refer to this article - Fix USB Flash Drive Not Recognized & Recover Data – How To Do to get the solutions.

In this post, we will show you how to download the ISO image, burn ISO to USB and create USB boot disk from ISO for Windows 10 installation.

How to Create Bootable USB from ISO Windows 10

When searching for “make bootable USB” on Google, you will find many ways. And here, we will show you 2 common ways for Windows bootable USB creation.

Way 1: Use Windows Media Creation Tool

Microsoft offers you a utility called Media Creation Tool, allowing you to download a Windows 10 ISO file compatible with your PC or directly create a bootable USB drive so as to install Windows 10. This is the easiest and reliable method. Just follow the step-by-step guide to make bootable USB from ISO.

Step 1: Go to Windows 10 download page and click Download tool now to get MediaCreationTool.exe.

Step 2: This is an independent executable file that doesn't need installation, so you can simply run the tool and create bootable USB from ISO. Just double-click on the .exe file and then accept the terms.

Step 3: Then, choose the Create installation media (USB flash drive, DVD or ISO file) for another PC option and click the Next button to continue.

Step 4: Then this tool will capture the language, Windows edition and architecture details from your Windows installation. Also, you can uncheck the option Use the recommendation for this PC and re-specify these details.

Step 5: In the following page, you can see two options: USB flash drive and ISO file. Here you can directly choose the former option and make bootable USB from ISO. Please ensure your USB has 8 GB capacity at least.

Tip: If you choose the option ISO file, it is also allowed. After clicking Next, you need to select a location to save the ISO file. And then, the tool will start to download Windows 10 and perform some operations. After that, you need to burn ISO file to USB drive and then create bootable USB from ISO.

Step 6: Select a USB flash drive and click Next to continue.

Note: The files on the USB drive will be deleted. Thus, you had better back up them to another safe location to keep these files. Here, the professional backup software, MiniTool ShadowMaker, will be helpful to back up files with ease.

Step 7: The tool is downloading Windows 10 to your selected USB. Please wait patiently.

Step 8: The tool is creating Windows 10 media, just be patient to wait.

Step 9: After a few minutes, your USB flash drive is ready. Click the Finish button at last.

Way 2: Download ISO File and Burn Windows ISO to USB

In addition, you can choose to download an ISO file of Windows 10 first of all and then use USB bootable software to burn the file to your drive.

Move 1: Download Windows 10 ISO File

To do this, you can also use Media Creation Tool. But note that this tool can only help you to download the ISO file of the latest Windows 10 version (now is 1809). In Choose which media to use page, please choose ISO file. Then, save the ISO file to a location. Next, continue the operations by following the wizard.

If you don’t want to install the latest Windows 10, you can search for the ISO file you need on the internet and then download it.

Move 2: Burn Windows 10 to USB Drive

To create bootable USB from ISO, some of you may choose to use USB bootable software like Rufus. It is thought as one of best, free, open-source and easy-to-use Windows 10 USB tool since it can create bootable USB for different kinds of operating systems.

Step 1: Start USB bootable software, free download for all Windows. Here, go to get Rufus from its official website.

Step 2: Run this ISO to USB burning tool, and then plug your USB flash drive to your PC.

Bootable

Step 3: This tool will detect your USB flash drive. You need to click the SELECT button to choose the ISO file you have downloaded, specify the partition scheme and volume label. Then, click the START button to create bootable USB from ISO.

Tip: Target system, file system, and cluster size will be changed once you change the partition scheme. Besides, the burning process will also destroy all data of your flash drive, so please back up them in advance.

Step 4: Later, the tool will start to burn ISO to USB flash drive, which will take a few minutes. When the Status is ready (in green), just click the CLOSE button to exit the tool.

After you complete USB bootable drive creation, you can boot your PC from the drive and start to install Windows 10 operating system or enter PC repair environment for a fix from the repair drive.

Further reading:

In addition to making bootable USB from ISO in Windows 10, some of you may be interested in the topic: create bootable USB Windows 7. To do this work, you need to use bootable USB Windows 7 software, Windows 7 USB/DVD Download Tool. After getting the tool, follow its instructions to create a bootable USB drive.

Besides, some of you may want to know how to create bootable USB from ISO ubuntu or Mac. Here, we won’t show you steps but you can search for the corresponding methods on Google and there are some articles are about the topic.

Tip: After learning so much information about how to create USB boot disk from ISO in Windows 10, you may think it is troublesome. And it is also an annoying thing to install a new OS or perform PC repair. Thus, in the following part, we will walk you through an easy way to deploy a new OS without Windows installation or fix PC without a repair USB drive.

Suggestion: Back up Windows & Restore System

If you have created a system image, you can restore it to the PC where you need to install OS or solve system issues. By this way, you won’t deploy a new OS and you can easily restore the PC to a previous state, enjoying the previous system settings, applications, and everything.

How can you back up your Windows 10? Here, we highly recommend using a piece of professional backup software for Windows 10, MiniTool ShadowMaker.

This backup software is designed to back up the Windows operating system, files, the entire disk or partitions. During the backup, the selected backup source is compressed to an image. Above all, it offers a feature called Media Builder to create a bootable USB drive or CD/DVD disc to boot the crashed PC and perform a system recovery.

Before starting a backup, now you need to free download MiniTool ShadowMaker from the button below. Note that its Trial Edition only gives you 30-day free trial.

Tip: In addition to the third-party software, some of you may choose the Windows built-in tool for creating system image. For more information, go to Create Windows 10 Repair Disk/Recovery Drive/System Image to Repair Win 10.

Move 1: Back up OS

Step 1: Run MiniTool ShadowMaker Trial Edition.

Step 2: Go to the Backup interface, you see system related partitions are selected by default. To back up Windows OS, here you can go to the Destination section to specify a path like an external hard drive, USB flash drive, or NAS.

Boot Macos Mojave Usb

Step 3: Finally, click the Back up Now button to run the system image backup.

Move 2: Create Bootable USB from ISO

After finishing the system image backup, you can go to create a bootable USB drive. Just go to the Tools page, click Media Builder, choose your USB flash disk and create USB boot disk from ISO.

After that, you can boot the PC that needs to install an OS from the bootable USB flash drive and then start system recovery.

Related article: How to Boot from Burned MiniTool Bootable CD/DVD and USB Flash Drive/Hard Disk?

Move 3: System Image Recovery

Bootable Mac Os Mojave Usb

In MiniTool Recovery Environment, you can run MiniTool ShadowMaker and then restore the system image to a hard drive which can be the system disk that has system issues or the hard drive where you want to deploy a system.

Step 1: Go to the Restore interface, find the system image file and click Restore to continue.

Step 2: Select a backup version.

Step 3: Choose the system related partitions to restore. Here, mbr and Track 0 should be selected, otherwise, Windows won’t boot normally.

Step 4: Decide which disk you want to restore the image to.

Step 5: The backup software is performing a recovery. This will take a few minutes, so wait patiently.

With MiniTool ShadowMaker, you can easily restore the PC to a previous state without reinstalling OS or easily deploy the system to a computer without OS. Compared to the above part - create bootable USB from ISO for OS installation, this way is worth recommending.

Here, you can free download MiniTool ShadowMaker for a trial or share it with your friends on Twitter to let more persons know.

Macos Mojave 10.14 Bootable Usb Flash Drive

Mac Os X Mojave Bootable Usb Windows 10

Tip: Additionally, this software can help you to clone your hard drive to another disk and you can directly boot your computer from the cloned disk without reinstalling the system. Read this post - How to Clone a Hard Drive to SSD in Windows 10/8/7 to do this job.

Bottom Line

Create Bootable Mac Os Usb On Windows Mojave

Want to make bootable USB Windows 10? Just try the above ways to create bootable USB from ISO and then you can install an operating system. To restore your computer easily to an earlier state (in case of system breakdown) or deploy a system, without installing the system, you can use MiniTool ShadowMaker to back up OS and restore it.

Mac Os Mojave Bootable Usb Windows 7

On the other hand, if you have any suggestion for bootable USB flash drive creation, or if you meet some questions when using MiniTool software, please leave a comment or contact [email protected].